One of the most popular aspect of every bathroom renovation, it is common for most bathroom vanities to have a built-in basin, but in the event that you wish to install one in a regular countertop, or replace one, we provide a brief overview of the different basins.

Also known as a rimmed sink, it is the most common basin as it has been known to match almost any countertop. In a simple sense, it is placed into a hole located on the top of the vanity – this way, it is the easiest type of sink to install, easiest to replace, and least likely to leak. The reason it is also called a rimmed sink is because of the oversized lip of the sink forming around the top of the whole. The basin is clamped underneath, and the plumbing is hidden within the vanity unit. As it is resting directly on the counter, it can handle heavy water weights and garbage disposal.

Being one of the least expensive, drop-in sinks are usually made of china or porcelain-coated cast iron. Do note however, when you are wiping water from the counter and directly into the sink, the rim will most certainly be in the way, and any moisture and soil will accumulate under the rim. You will also notice that the sink’s performance is very dependent on the quality of the material, the efficiency of the installation, and also how well you have cleaned and maintained it.

Under Mount
You may have seen some vanity units include this sink as part of the countertop as these are not only visually pleasing, but (arguably) the most convenient, as you can wipe debris straight into the sink without a rim/lip to stand in the way. The under mount sink is made from the same materials as the drop-in sink when it is bought separately and it sits below the counter top and is larger than the hole cut into the counter, creating an overhang into the sink bowl while clamped to the benchtop from underneath. The supply and plumbing waste lines are hidden inside the vanity.

In terms of installments, you must beware that this is not a cheaper option and it is more difficult to install – meaning, you should not be attempting to install it yourself unless, hire a professional. Also note that it is best suited to more of the solid surface material such as engineered stone or granite. Furthermore, to withstand the heavy weight of water and garbage disposal, the installation must be solid.

Fashionable and quite striking to look at, the sink is mounted directly on the bench, thus appearing like a bowl on bench top. Depending on the setup, the fittings will either be mounted to the wall, or the bench, and the plumbing. There is a lot of availability in terms of colour, shape, and material; commonly, people often have stone or porcelain as their material of choice, but interestingly enough, you can actually have these bowls made out of glass, giving them the transparent look. Whichever way you do it, the bowl will be the highlight of your vanity.

As it is shaped like a bowl, the structure is very much breakable, and as such, the edges can be broken or chipped easily. Watermarks and fingerprints will easily be left on the surface. While the bowel itself is easy to clean, cleaning around the bowl can prove difficult.

Wall Mounted
For the absolute minimalistic option, a wall mounted sink is a great way to save space as this sink takes up nearly no floor space and doesn’t even cost a lot to install. The plumbing is literally a small pipe under the sink that goes into the wall [known as a P-Trap, see illustration under toilets]. As a functional alternative to a vanity, the sink can be combined with mirrors, shelves, and other functioning accessories (such as a mug holder). Apart from requiring more attention when cleaning, there are no real setbacks.

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